A cigar can be divided into several functional parts both in its length and in depth. Vertically it consists of a cap, body and foot. The cap is a loose piece of tobacco applied to the top of a cigar with natural glue. It prevents the wrapper from unraveling. The body is the main part of cigar. The end that you light, the foot (also called tuck) is the other end of the cigar.
The body of a cigar consists of three main layers. They are 1.) the filler which consist of the tobacco leaves in the middle of the cigar. The leaves that are used for the filler usually come from the top of the plant, called Ligero. They are dark and oily, burn slow and deliver most of the flavor. Fillers can be long or short. Long fillers are filled with long tobacco leaves. Cigars with long fillers are usually handmade, and all premium handmade cigars have long fillers. Cigars with short fillers are filled with cut up pieces of tobacco – basically machine made cigars. 2.) The binder is a tough, coarse tobacco leaf that holds the filler and the wrapper together. The leaves are harvested from the middle of the tobacco plant, called Seco. These binders are lighter than Ligero in both color and flavor. And 3.) the wrapper is a silky leaf of tobacco that burns well. The leaves come from the bottom of the tobacco plant; Volado.